MTHWAKAZI LIBERATION FRONT
|IN PURSUIT OF OUR IDEALS,WE SUBMIT:|
A LOYIKO MARCH
INFLICTION OF ROBERT GABRIEL MUGABE’S
GUKURAHUNDI GENOCIDE AND ENTHNIC CLEANISING
PEOPLE OF MTHWAKAZI
Dr Mpiyesizwe Churchill Guduza
MLF Vice President
At the MARKET THEATRE-JHB
21 March 2017
It is a great honour to be invited to speak on this day, the 21st March 2017, by SIPHESAKHE YOUTH ORGANISATION, which operates under the name LOYIKO. As a matter of fact, this is the first day, since the infliction of genocide and ethnic cleansing that those defenceless people of Mthwakazi who were thrown alive into disused mine shafts, buried alive in mass and shallow graves, burnt alive in huts, butchered, maimed, tortured, raped and dismembered, for no other reason other than that they were different from the Shona; other than that they were Mthwakazi people, are remembered and commemorated on such a significant day, as the Human Rights Day.
Our hearts and sincere gratitude must of necessity go all out to LOYIKO, for this great day which remembers the unprovoked and relentless slaughter of the people of Mthwakazi between 1982 and 1988. No other group has manged to mobilise such a MARCH in remembrance of those butchered and left homeless without mothers, without fathers, without sisters, without bothers and without any other relative on the face of this earth. Such a MARCH is ILLEGAL in our own home soil; those responsible for organising it would be imprisoned and subjected to various acts of torture, disappearances and all other forms of brutality, in full view of the world community, especially with the full awareness and knowledge of the so-called Southern African Development Countries.
From this MARCH, surely the people of Mthwakazi must brace themselves for the difficult journey forward of reclaiming their full human rights through the Restoration of their Country, Mthwakazi. This youth organisation, SIPHESAKE, must therefore motivate, inspire and drive all of us gathered here towards embracing all strategies without fear, favour or prejudice of restoring Mthwakazi to its former sovereign state and glory. Just as these young people, not from Mthwakazi, but from South Africa (SIPHESAKHE) have shown us, there is virtually nothing that can stop us if we all resolve today, here and now, that we reject serfdom and embrace full humanity among the nations of this world.
The Mthwakazi Liberation Front (MLF), on behalf of the suffering people of Mthwakazi, who have twice been subjected to unprovoked attacks; the infliction of genocide and ethnic cleansing: firstly by British Colonialists from 1893 to 1980 and secondly, by their Proxy, the ZANU-PF Regime of Robert Gabriel Mugabe in Zimbabwe from 1980 until today in 2017, seek assistance with regard to the following:
That the world community should never allow under any contrived circumstances, shape or form whatsoever, the infliction of yet another Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing campaigns against the people of Mthwakazi by Robert Mugabe’s Shona forces;
That, the world community must demand that the Zimbabwe regime is compelled to allow an internationally and regionally composed team of independent human rights experts to immediately conduct an investigation into the killing fields that left between 500,000 to 1,000,000 of Mthwakazi people dead, raped or disappeared;
That, the world community must demand that all those killed by Robert Mugabe’s Shona forces receive a decent burial in accordance to the cultural rites, rituals and practices of Mthwakazi people;
That, the world community must demand an independent investigation into the abductions and murder of the six tourists in 1982. This is fundamentally important because it was this abduction that was used as a pretext by the Robert Gabriel Mugabe regime to commit genocide and ethnic cleansing against the people of Mthwakazi, so that all the perpetrators are brought to book whatever it takes. Mthwakazi will never ever let go of these people irrespective of the lapse of time (however many years it will take) without being tried for their crimes against the entire Mthwakazi Nation;
That, the world community must demand and ensure that the human rights of all the people of Mthwakazi at the present moment are given full recognition as those of their neighbours, the Shona people;
That the world community also needs to recognise and understand that the people of Mthwakazi are a proud nation that has all the resting places (graves) of their great ancestors located in Mthwakazi country; and that there are no such graves for the Shona people, making it very clear that no other nation can claim supreme legal authority over their lands by virtue of that historical fact alone;
That there is no other nation, British, Shona or otherwise that can claim legal and political sovereignty, because they do not have a single grave or resting place of their forefathers legitimately located in Mthwakazi country;
That the world community should never allow the people of Mthwakazi to be starved to death by being prevented to feed their families in Mthwakazi country by Robert Mugabe’s regime which confiscates their food parcels at the Beitbridge and Plumtree Border Posts, after being forced to flee for survival to South Africa and Botswana;
That, the world community should demand that no person of Mthwakazi origin is arrested and deported from South Africa as illegal immigrants as such persons are homeless in their country of origin, Mthwakazi, as a result of genocide and ethnic cleansing policies of Robert Mugabe’s Shona State, and therefore have nowhere to go to survive, except to the land of their great, great fore fathers, South Africa;
That the world community should through a plethora of forums ensure that the plight of the people of Mthwakazi is addressed and resolved through peaceful means resulting in the full restoration of Mthwakazi;
That, just as in the case of the Battle of Isandlwana in 1879 (137 years ago), where the Zulu Nation under the Great Leadership of His Majesty The King, King Cetshwayo KaMpande, fought with spears against unprovoked British mercenaries hell-bent on imposing their rule, the great warriors of Mthwakazi under the leadership of His Majesty The King, King Lobengula also fought with spears, significant and heroic battles and defeated British colonialists with machine guns at Mbembesi, Gadade and many other places;
That, we as MLF strongly appeal to the world community to call upon the entire civilised world to the defence of Mthwakazi people, in the event that Robert Gabriel Mugabe’s regime embarks again on its strategy to annihilate the people of Mthwakazi under whatever contrived pretext;
That, in the event that Robert Gabriel Mugabe embarks on yet another genocide and ethnic cleansing experimentation, we appeal to the entire world to ensure that the people of Mthwakazi receive all sorts of assistance, including military training and weapons from the good Samaritans of the world, so that the people of Mthwakazi are able to defend themselves;
That, the world community must demand an investigation into the inhuman conditions of prisoners and prisons in present day Zimbabwe, where the majority of inmates are people of Zulu/Ndebele origin (Mthwakazi country);
That, the world community must demand on behalf of the people of Mthwakazi that they are allowed to organise and mobilise their people politically through peaceful means without fear of favour, given that, Mthwakazi was forcibly incorporated into the present unitary system that comprises present-day Zimbabwe without the consent of the indigenous people of Mthwakazi;
That, the world community intervenes in accordance to international humanitarian standards in pursuit of the well-being and defence of the people of Mthwakazi on grounds of respect for humanity irrespective of nationality, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, race, colour or creed;
That, the world community uses its influence to engage all governments within this region and internationally, starting with President Jacob G Zuma of South Africa who assumes the chairpersonship of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) in August 2017, to ensure that a thorough investigation into the killing fields of Robert Gabriel Mugabe against the people of Mthwakazi are revisited and investigated without fear or favour, as well as to ensure that the people of Mthwakazi are assisted under whatever contrived pretext to defend themselves and achieve the Restoration of Mthwakazi;
That the world community should both recognise and understand that the Mthwakazi nation and country was founded by King Mzilikazi, and that it existed as a sovereign and independent country until it was annexed by British colonialists in 1893;
That the world community under the United Nations should spearhead the revocation of the Matebeleland Order-in-Council which annexed the state of Mthwakazi, but which did not formalise the creation of the unitary states of formerly Southern Rhodesia and Rhodesia, and today’s unitary state of Zimbabwe;
That the world community through the United Nations recognises that the Matebeleland Order-in-Council which was promulgated on 18 July 1894 to annex the state of Mthwakazi is still effective today, and that it was never applied to incorporate the state of Mthwakazi into a unitary state with Mashonaland, and that therefore these two countries continue to be separated by the Jameson Line, a border treaty agreed to between King Lobengula and Leader Starr Jameson;
That the world community has all the power in addressing the Mthwakazi question with full knowledge that the people of Mthwakazi are justified in claiming the restoration of their country that was forcibly annexed by British colonialists and forcibly incorporated in the unitary state system that comprises present-day Zimbabwe without their CONSENT;
That, it is absolutely vital that as part of the restoration journey, the MLF encourages all Mthwakazi students who intend enrolling with the Mthwakazi Academic College, to choose one of the following courses offered by this college: An
Advanced Diploma in Mthwakazi Development Studies,
Advanced Diploma in Mthwakazi Philosophy,
Advanced Diploma in Mthwakazi Development Economics, and
Advanced Diploma in Comparative Politics of Nations Without States.
That, the MLF shall work tirelessly in promoting the Organisation of Emerging African States (OEAS) as a rival organisation to the African Union (AU), especially because the AU has singularly been responsible for condoning incidents of genocide and ethnic cleansing throughout the African Continent, such as the one inflicted on the people of Mthwakazi;
That, the AU must be condemned for complicity in perpetuating and sustaining the imposed historical and structural conditions of European Settler Colonialism, which imposed Unitary State Systems without due regard to the different nationalities found in Africa and the consent of those nations. It is in this sense that the AU represents in reality and effect the hallmark and profound legacy of European settler colonialism;
That, it is in light of the foregoing that the AU must be viewed not as an instrument of liberation, BUT as an instrument of sustained neo-colonialism that has been singularly responsible for maintaining the entire African continent as consumer race that depends for ‘its culture, its language, its feeding, and its clothing’ on races that historically colonised Africa, in spite of the enormous resources and wealth found on this continent. Put differently, by condoning the imposed European colonial boundaries, the AU has in effect condoned the continuation of the economic slavery of each and everyone in this continent and in doing so, deprived the people of this continent of that VUKUZENZELE ECONOMIC DOCTRINE of producers, instead of perpetual consumers;
That it is important that the international community facilitates a dialogue between Mthwakazi and Britain over the deliberate failure by Britain to honour the Rudd Concession of 1888 which gave the British mining rights in Mthwakazi country. The British have through this Concession, immeasurably plundered Mthwakazi minerals with impunity until the present day. Britain therefore owes Mthwakazi incalculable amounts signed for in 1888 which have not been honoured to this very date;
That the international community assists Mthwakazi to sue Britain at the International Court of Justice not only for payment of the resources as per the 1888 Rudd Concession but also for illegally handing over Mthwakazi and its mineral resources to its proxy, Zimbabwe for furtherance of the 1894 and 1896 Matebeleland Order in Council to ensure that Mthwakazi continues to be subdued perpetually;
AND THAT, from this day forward, we as the MLF pledge to PETITION all the people of Mthwakazi, wherever they are, ELECTRONICALLY and MANUALLY, for their SIGNATURES in SUPPORT for the RESTORATION OF MTHWAKAZI, AND
THAT, we in the MLF will be starting a NEWSLETTER, MTHWAKAZI RESTORATION NEWS (MRN), which will be published MONTHLY to begin with, before it becomes a WEEKLY in the near future, whose sole AIM will be to draw up a ROAD MAP TO THE RESTORATION OF MTHWAKAZI.
NB: HARD COPIES OF THIS SPEECH WERE DISTRIBUTED TO ALL THOSE WHO WERE PRESENT.
TO BUTTRESS THE POINTS ON THE EXECUTIVE SUMMARY, THE FOLLOWING DOCUMENT IS ATTACHED TO ENRICH THE PEOPLES OF MTHWAKAZI ON WHAT REALLY TRANSPIRED IN WHAT IS KNOWN AS THE GUKURAHUNDI GENOCIDE IMPLEMENTED BY ROBERT MUGABE AND HIS ZANU PF!!!
This Gukurahundi Genocide march marks an historic day in the minds of all Mthwakazi peoples. Never at any given time will WE as a people forget what the Mugabe regime did to the peoples of Mthwakazi.
2. Forever Lasting Impact
It is exceptionally difficult to quantify the lasting impact of the Gukurahundi genocide on the people of Mthwakazi. Perhaps most importantly is to recognise that there is still no closure not only to the actual relatives of the victims themselves but to the entire Mthwakazi nation. This continuing impact can also be seen as follows:
Survivors left without breadwinners,
Survivors left without knowing where their loved ones were disposed of as they never received proper burials,
Survivors left with no access to education and health facilities
Survivors left with no documentation of whatever kind to aid their own survival in this turbulent world, and
Survivors left without any kind of own security whatsoever.
3. How it started: Mugabe’s Pretext of Inflicting Genocide on the People of Mthwakazi
In July 1982, Robert Gabriel Mugabe's regime announced the abduction of six (6) foreign tourists. This was the first instance in which the whole of Mthwakazi country learned about the existence of so-called ‘dissidents’. According to this announcement by Robert Mugabe the so-called ‘dissidents killed a group of six tourists – two Britons, two Americans and two Australians – on the road to Victoria Falls, about 76 kilometres from Bulawayo’.
Within days after the disappearance of the tourists, Mugabe's regime deployed the army supported by tanks, artillery, helicopter gunships, fighter aircraft and the CIO (comprised of only Shona soldiers) in the Mthwakazi areas of Lupane and Tsholotsho. This deployment was justified under the pretext of searching for the whereabouts of the missing six tourists. Scores of villagers and communities were raped, beaten, tortured, killed or disappeared. Hundreds of thousands more were compelled with threats of torture, beatings and killings to join and buy ZANU-PF membership cards. Below, we present concrete evidence of what actually happened against the people of Mthwakazi.
This announcement by Robert Mugabe’s regime represented the naked deception which was invoked as a pretext to commit genocide and ethnic cleansing against the people of Mthwakazi. From this claim a number of questions immediately arise. How, for example, did the so-called dissidents identify the vehicle that these tourists were travelling in? Why tourists in particular? What was their motivation? Was it for ransom, if so for what? Was it for robbery, theft, rape, carjacking, or what? Did they smell that such and such a vehicle would be carrying tourists? Or did they stop all the vehicles that were travelling to Victoria Falls only and not those coming from the opposite direction, in order to isolate the one with tourists?
Whilst these tourists were never again seen alive or dead, it is important, also to note, that their disappearance marked the beginning of the infliction of genocide and ethnic cleansing against the people of Mthwakazi. The justification was that these so-called dissidents were destroying property. Which, what and whose property? According to the Zanu-pf press at the time, the dissidents destroyed ‘development projects, schools, clinics, hospitals, farms, government offices and police stations’.
There can be no doubt therefore that the arrival of the tourists in Zimbabwe presented real exploitable opportunities for Robert Gabriel Mugabe's regime to commit genocide and ethnic cleansing with the sole purpose of driving away the people of Mthwakazi into South Africa.
Our own argument as MLF is that the announcement by Robert Mugabe’s regime represented an orchestrated international campaign aimed at committing genocide against the people of Mthwakazi. Although Mugabe's regime blamed the abduction of the six tourists on the so-called "dissidents" (presumably faceless people acting on the orders of Mugabe himself), it is interesting to note the following, that:
it was only Mugabe's regime who had full intelligence information about the arrival into Zimbabwe of the six tourists;
they also had intelligence information about the visiting, travelling and accommodation plans of the tourists and their destinations;
the Zanu-pf regime also had intelligence information about the mode of transport the tourists would use and the times of their journeys between destinations; and that
the main point of entry into Zimbabwe for the tourists was the immigration and customs departments at Harare Airport, and that, it is here where investigations about the disappearance of the tourists should have begun.
All this was just said and believed, when there was no shred of evidence on the ground. The fact of the matter is that in Zimbabwe during this period there never were any scars of wars and devastation as witnessed in countries such as Somalia, Syria, etc. This is perhaps the only time in history where the infrastructure of a country (Zimbabwe in this case) remained intact whilst all the destruction by dissidents was taking place, and where buildings housing schools, clinics and so on were not destroyed, but remained intact without traces of any structural scars and collapse, cracks, bullet holes, fire, etc.
It is therefore not surprising that Mugabe's regime's propaganda about the existence of the faceless so-called "dissidents" emerged and gained prominence simultaneously with the disappearance, abduction or kidnapping of the six foreign tourists in July 1982. These tourists were never seen alive or dead ever again. Only Mugabe’s killers know where they lie buried. Thus, the abduction and disappearance of the six tourists not only gave Mugabe's regime a pretext, but also a justification to begin implementing the genocide programme against the Mthwakazi people.
4. The Killing Fields of Mthwakazi
Since the turn of last century, the world experienced the horrors and abominable annihilation of the peoples of Germany, Rwanda, Mthwakazi (in present day Zimbabwe) and Bosnia-Herzegovina for no other reason than for belonging ‘to a particular national, ethnical, racial and religious grouping’. The only difference being that the perpetrators of these abominable crimes against the people of Mthwakazi have never been brought to justice. Not only does the sheer scale of the genocide and continued ethnic cleansing committed against the people of Mthwakazi for the past 36 years since 1980 frightening, but it also requires that those responsible are arrested and brought to justice.
According to the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide which came into force on 12 January 1951, genocide is defined to include the following acts: ‘killing members of the group, causing serious bodily or mental harm to the members of a group; deliberately inflicting on the lives of the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; imposing measures to prevent births within the group; and forcibly transferring children of the group to another group’.
There is indisputable evidence to suggest that between five hundred thousand to one million (500,000-1,000,000) Mthwakazi people were either butchered or disappeared at the hands of the notorious Fifth Brigade or Gukurahundi of Robert Gabriel Mugabe's regime in Zimbabwe from 1982 to 1988. The majority of the victims who met their deaths in the manner described above had been rounded up and transported either in army trucks or forcibly marched to various killing fields at gun point. In various rural areas the common method employed was to march villagers from one village (A) to the next village (B), where they would then be forced to dig their own graves and forcibly bury people alive through use of force of people in village B. Villagers in village B would then be forcibly marched to village C where the whole process of digging their own graves and having to be buried by villagers in village C would be re-enacted and continued again and again in an unending chain of brutal live burials.
An example of this method of killing which took place on 12 February 1983 in Gulalikabili village in the Tsholotsho district is noted in the Electronic Mail and Guardian which derived its information from the CCJP report which states that: the
"whole village abducted from nearby to the Pumula Mission area where
they were beaten. Some were then forced to dig a mass grave, made to
climb in and were shot. They were buried while still moving and villagers
were made to dance on the grave and sing songs in praise of Robert
Mugabe and ZANU-PF. The number of dead given was 12".
This process of forcibly marching and burying alive villagers from one village to the next was continued until various communities were annihilated from the face of the earth. There are many areas, for example, such as in Tsholotsho, where some village communities were completely wiped out by this chilling extermination method. To the Fifth Brigade or Gukurahundi, this methodology of exterminating Zulus/Ndebeles (Mthwakazi people) seemed like an experimental game. Thousands of other people were taken from the buses at various road blocks while trying to flee the rural hinterlands into urban areas. Thousands more were taken from the Plumtree bound trains, at Figtree and Marula on a daily basis for several weeks, months and years as they tried to flee the killing fields. All these victims were never seen alive again.
The method of trucking victims to various killing fields was common in virtually all rural districts such as Tsholotsho, Lupane, Nkayi, Silobela, Gokwe, Plumtree, Gwanda, Filabusi, and Kezi. In the Kezi district many people were buried alive in mine shafts and also in caves, particularly at the Antelope Mine and in the Bhalagwe hills. After visiting the Antelope Mine to investigate allegations about the disposal of bodies by the Fifth Brigade at a disused Antelope Mine shaft following Mugabe's "clean up" operation against "dissidents", Peter Godwin, journalist with the London Sunday Times wrote in 1984:
"Every night for 'many weeks', I was told by local people, army trucks were seen driving to and from this shaft. Bodies were unloaded and thrown down the rectangular hole. Sometimes, the locals said, the corpses would snag on supporting iron girders across the shaft's interior. On some nights the trucks made only one trip, on others, several. I leaned over the open shaft and peered into the darkness. It was too far to the bottom for me to see anything. But the stench hit me like a sledgehammer... At another mission, run by the Salvation Army, 15 miles away, staff had to plead with soldiers to allow hospital patients to remove their babies from their backs before being beaten... But the worst stories of atrocities concern Bhalagwe itself. I was told that in the camp detainees have had their wrists and ankles broken by being jumped on by soldiers in heavy boots. The hospital at Antelope had treated more than 100 fractures caused this way since the curfew was imposed".
Still many thousands more people were rounded up in urban areas (particularly in Bulawayo during the so-called cordon search in late February to August 1983) and taken to mass detention camps which were located within and outside urban areas. Thousands of these victims were never seen alive again. It is also noteworthy that a queue system of butchering Zulu/Ndebele people was employed. Thus, as others were being burnt to death, buried alive, or forcibly pushed into the mine shafts and caves, those next in the queue to be maimed were forced to sing, dance, ululate and praise Robert Gabriel Mugabe and ZANU-PF before being butchered themselves.
The neighbours and relatives of victims who survived were not allowed to bury their dead. Anyone found to have buried their dead was immediately brutally maimed. In addition to this butchering campaign, the Fifth Brigade simultaneously engaged in a programme of looting anything they could lay their hands on, including the livestock of both the dead and survivors in Matabeleland (Mthwakazi country). The following account was given to Peter Godwin, journalist with the London Sunday times in 1984, when a survivor showed him the remains of his father's charred bones still lodged between two rocks of the hill:
"The soldiers gathered all the people of the area together for a compulsory rally. They made us shout government slogans and they beat many people with rifle butts - screaming at us the whole time - Where are the dissidents? They then selected three men at random, including my father, and took them behind the hill. We heard three shots and the soldiers returned alone. They warned us not to collect the bodies. They were left there for weeks and their rotting remains were eaten by dogs".
However, it was Mugabe's regime's policy of exterminating the Zulu/Ndebele people by starvation under an imposed curfew which was even more deadly, given the crippling drought of the 1980s - the worst ever to be experienced in Mthwakazi country (Matabeleland) since the turn of the century. During this period the Mthwakazi (Zulu/Ndebele) people were already dependent on buying food from the shops only as they were barred from receiving food aid donated by the international community.
Yet Mugabe's regime not only deployed the Fifth Brigade, but also imposed a brutal dusk to dawn curfew, cut off food aid (supplies) and closed down all the shops in these areas. With access into all these areas sealed off for many months and years in succession, and even to the world's media, Mugabe's ZANU-PF regime was thus able to employ with impunity a two thronged strategy of annihilation and death by starvation. As an officer of the Fifth Brigade (during one of the many compulsory rallies) explained Mugabe's starvation policy to his victims:
"First you will eat your chickens, then your goats, then your cattle, then your donkeys. Then you will eat your children and finally you will eat the dissidents".
In the district of Gwanda alone, in Matabeleland South approximately five hundred thousand (500,000) people faced death by starvation in 1984. As Sikwili Khohli Moyo, the local PF-ZAPU Member of Parliament (who sustained injuries from the Fifth Brigade while being held alongside thousands of other victims at a football stadium) commented:
"After three years of drought, those people have no food at all. They depend on the shops. The Government cuts the supply of mealie meal overnight. It's genocide, as far as I am concerned... People were living hand-to-mouth with the food from those shops. Now they are closed. My conclusion is that those people are starving".
The Fifth Brigade or Gukurahundi annihilation campaign against the Mthwakazi (Ndebele people of Matabeleland) was closely aided by the Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO), the ZANU-PF Youth Brigade and the frenzy state controlled media in Zimbabwe. The CIO was responsible for the interrogation and used all lethal and brutal methods of torture which included electric shocks and holding a victim's head under a bucket or a sack full of water until the victim choked to death. In various other holding/detention centres the CIO forced their victims to have sex with goats, donkeys and dogs. An account of one of the brutal methods of torture was given to Donald Trelford, a journalist with the London Observer in 1984 by one of the survivors:
"I myself was only beaten, but I saw others being given electric shock, and when they fainted water was thrown on them. What I saw is that they put a wire into the mouth of the victim, which is secured by strings that are attached to the ears. The other wire was put at the back. The second wire was placed on and off the back of the person. Four people in army uniform, two men and two women, did the electric torturing while the victim was lying down".
The main task of the ZANU-PF Youth Brigade was the forced politicisation of both villagers in the rural areas and residents in urban areas into joining ZANU-PF party. Those who were found without ZANU-PF membership cards were beaten up, burnt with plastics, had their property (including houses) burnt down, stolen and destroyed. They were also prevented from buying food from the shops by this Youth Brigade. Residents or villagers without ZANU-PF membership cards were accused of being enemies of the state by this Brigade, and such accusations were punishable by deaths, kidnappings and disappearances. Hundreds of thousands of Mthwakazi (Ndebele/Zulu) people were maimed by the ZANU-PF Youth Brigade.
The media in Zimbabwe supported and colluded with Government when the most ghastly butchering and despicable genocide was taking place in Zimbabwe. In fact the media was at the forefront of the frenzy extermination strategy against the Mthwakazi (Zulu/Ndebele) people, not only in terms of concealing the truth about the killing fields, but also urging the regime of Robert Gabriel Mugabe to intensify the barbaric carnage. For example, the Harare based Herald newspaper gave unequivocal support to the imposition by Mugabe's regime of the dusk to dawn curfew on Matabeleland (Mthwakazi country) in February 1984 in the following words:
"When bandits were on the rampage in the same areas in 1982 the Government unleashed 5 Brigade, a move which earned widespread condemnation of sections of the world press. But it worked. The bandits were routed... A return by the Army in force would be welcomed by the masses and that restoring peace was more important than risking dents in Zimbabwe's image. The troops must go in - no holds barred".
The media also openly indicated to its listeners and readers that anybody who poke any of the Mthwakazi (Zulu/Ndebele) languages was a "dissident", and that the same applied to the unborn babies whose parents were Mthwakazi (Zulu/Ndebele) people. The role of the media was as serious a threat to the well-being and survival chances of the people of Mthwakazi (Zulu/Ndebele people) as the genocide itself proved to be. As the Catholic Bishops rightly noted in their Easter Statement of 1983:
"Quite a number of public utterances made by not a few public figures seek to hide the atrocities that have taken place, hardening thereby the sufferings of the defenceless victims. Such tactics are self-defeating; we cannot see how they will lead the country to peace and reconciliation. Any society that is not built on the firm foundation of truth, honesty and justice is already doomed to failure. In all this the mass media have singularly failed to keep the people of Zimbabwe properly informed about the facts which are common knowledge, both in the areas concerned and outside them through the reports of reliable witnesses. The facts point to a reign of terror caused by wanton killings, woundings, beatings, burnings and rapings. Many homes have been burnt down. People in rural areas are starving, not only because of the drought, but because in some cases supplies of food have been deliberately cut off and in other cases access to food supplies has been restricted or stopped. The innocent have no recourse or redress, for fear of reprisals".
A description of the factual facts regarding some of these atrocities and abuses based on the CCJP report have been highlighted in the Electronic Mail and Guardian to include the following in the Tsholotsho and Nyamandlovu districts:
"Neshango line. February 3 1983. Mass beatings of villagers and shooting of two young pregnant girls, followed by their being bayonetted open to reveal the still moving foetuses
"Kumbula school, Pumula village. February 13 1983. Whole village beaten and seven shot dead, including a teacher, after digging their own graves. Witnesses refer to a fountain of blood from the pit.
"Tangahukwe. February 1983. All the villagers were rounded up and severely beaten. Twelve were selected and shot after being forced into mass graves. One of the chosen managed to run away so his younger brother was killed instead.
"Korodziba. February 1983. Five Brigade came to the school and took about 60 pupils aged 14 years. They were beaten and asked about dissidents. Twenty to 30 girls were raped and then ordered to have sex with some of the boys while the soldiers watched.
"Solobhoni. February 23 1983. Five Brigade rounded up the entire village to the borehole. Six people were chosen at random and were bayoneted to death and buried in one grave. Everyone was then beaten. Five people were beaten to death...one man who wept to see his brother killed was severely beaten and died a few weeks later from his injuries. One old lady who was found in her hut was raped and Five Brigade then set fire to a plastic bag and burned the old lady with it, setting fire to her blanket. She died three weeks later from the burns.
"Emgagwini. March 1983. One young man was taken by Five Brigade, badly beaten, returned and while his parents were washing his wounds, the Five Brigade came back and shot him.
"Mkhonyeni. January 1983. The first woman to die in this area was accused of feeding dissidents. She was pregnant and was bayoneted open to kill the baby. She died later. In the same area in February 1983. All the villagers were forced to witness the burning to death of 26 villagers, in the three huts of Dlamini
"Bonkwe/Nyanganyoni. A young woman from Bonkwe going to buy mealie-meal was beaten for wearing her husband's watch. Her husband was summoned to Nyanganyoni and beaten to death. Every bone in his body was broken - he is referred to as being "like a cloth".
"Tshomwina and Dzokotze. January/February 1983. All the villagers of Tshomwina were force-marched to Dzokotze nearby. They were beaten and five were killed. One man died after terrible mutilations which included having his jaw broken and his tongue cut out. This man ran away and was found by his family in a neighbouring village. He took eight days to die, without medical care.
"Mpungayile. 1983. Five Brigade shot dead a mentally retarded boy and then shot three other men. Because the women wept they were shot too, four of them.
"Nkwalini. February 1983. A man from here, trying to take his wife away to Bulawayo, was shot dead at Mlagisa siding and so was his wife when she cried when she saw him shot.
"Sipepa Area. February 1983. Whole village forced to dig roots, some were then beaten and two school boys who looked too old for their class were shot dead".
The following few horrible atrocities that have been noted by the Electronic Mail and Guardian from the CCJP report occurred in the Matobo district in Matabeleland South:
"A four month old infant was axed three times and the mother forced to eat the flesh of her dead child. An 18 year old girl was raped by six soldiers and then killed. An 11 year old child had her vagina burnt with plastics and was later shot. Twin infants were buried alive.
"Dry Paddock area. February 1984, A young woman and her father-in-law were asked about dissidents and beaten. They were then stripped naked and told to have sex with each other. The father-in-law said he would die first. A shot was fired, missing them, and the two were severely beaten and left for dead.
"Donkwe Donkwe. February 1984. Five Brigade rounded everyone in the area to a local school. There were about 200 men, women and children. Everyone was beaten and kicked from sunrise to 10 am. Then some were made to dig two graves, while others were made to fight each other. Six men were chosen at random and placed in two groups of three. They were then shot dead. Everyone else was told to sing songs praising Mugabe and condemning Nkomo... While some sang and danced, others were beaten. Some of the villagers were made to bury the six dead and then had to join in the singing while being beaten. At 4 pm about 19 young men were taken away and another man was shot as they departed.
"Mloyi area. February 1984. Approximately 100 adults and school children were rounded up... they were told they were in for a treat... People were then beaten, including a 12 year old girl and her sister and their father. The two girls were so badly beaten they were later hospitalised. Their father was then shot in front of everyone and his children were made to search his pockets to see if they could find any evidence that he was a dissident.
"Mbembeswana area. February 1984. An ex-Zipra soldier was taken from his home in nearby Silonkwe to Mbembeswana. He was badly beaten and then his family were summoned to fetch him. He had both arms broken and no teeth. He refused to leave, saying he was dead already. He was then shot dead".
By any conceivable human standards these few factual examples of brutality represents a systematic and deliberate strategy of annihilating the entire population of Mthwakazi from the face of this earth. Not since the time of Hitler (and his fascist cronies) had a regime in Africa put into practice its extermination designs against the defenceless innocent civilians (infants, children, pregnant women, the mentally retarded, the disabled and the old), for no other reason than for belonging to the Mthwakazi national group. To kill in the manner in which they did vividly illustrates the fact that there never were in existence any so-called "dissidents". Rather, this slaughter had been intended to drive out all the people of Mthwakazi (Ndebele/Zulu people) from Zimbabwe, as well as to create conducive conditions for the establishment of a one (ZANU-PF) party state in the country.
5. Ethnic Cleansing of the People of Mthwakazi
According to the United Nations Ethnic Cleansing report, ethnic cleansing is defined as "rendering an area ethnically homogeneous by using force or intimidation to remove from a given area persons from another ethnic or religious group". Therefore, alongside the genocide committed against the people of Mthwakazi (Zulu/Ndebele people of Matabeleland), Robert Gabriel Mugabe's regime has simultaneously been implementing since 1980 a complete programme of ethnic cleansing aimed at ensuring Shona hegemony in areas of education, employment, economic development, culture and various others. These areas of great concern are addressed in turn.
With regard to education, the regime of Robert Gabriel Mugabe has for the last thirty six (36) years been systematically implementing an exclusive education policy aimed at benefitting the Shona people, at the expense of the people of Mthwakazi. This strategy has been implemented along the following lines:
promoting only the Shona teachers to positions of General Certificate of Education (GCE) Examiners at both Ordinary and Advanced levels, who then fail Ndebele pupils and students,
forcing higher institutions of learning such as Teacher Training Colleges, Polytechnics and Universities to adopt an admissions policy based on a list system of names of students supplied by the ZANU-PF Party of Robert Gabriel Mugabe; such students can only be Shona,
posting Shona-speaking teachers to teach pupils who do not understand Shona in primary schools throughout the whole of Mthwakazi country, and
providing educational scholarships both within the country and abroad to only Shona people.
Similarly, employment policies have been designed and implemented to maximum exclusionary effect during the last thirty six (36) years. The exclusionary mechanism is implemented as follows:
promoting only the Shona-speaking people to managerial positions in factories, banks, Post Offices and any other fixed capital investment and production units throughout Mthwakazi (Matebeleland regions),
allocating key administrative positions in all Government Departments, even those dealing with the registration of births and deaths, or tea jobs, to Shona people within the Mthwakazi (Matebeleland regions),
denying Mthwakazi people employment opportunities in hotels, bars, restaurants, bakeries, and wherever possible, by importing labour from Mashonaland, even for menial such jobs as street cleaning, security and delivery of postal mail,
allocating powerful and key managerial positions to Shona people in the civil service, such positions as permanent secretaries and Under Secretaries who are charged with the formulation and implementation of government policy, in all the various ministries and government departments,
allocating and posting of Shona people to various ambassadorial and diplomatic posts in foreign missions regionally and abroad (so-called Zimbabwe's embassies/ high commissions) throughout the world,
allocation and promotion of only the Shona people to key jobs within the three state security institutions: the army, police, and intelligence services; only the Shona command positions of power in these key structures, and
allocation of key posts or jobs in the aviation industry to Shona people (only the Shona can become pilots and fly military and civilian aircraft in Zimbabwe), and
employing only Shona people at the country’s borders, notably at Beitbridge Border Post, Plumtree Border Post and Victoria Falls Border Post as immigration, customs, and police officers to process largely people of Mthwakazi orgin who work in South Africa, Botswana and Zambia.
In the Health Service the situation has reached catastrophic proportions. There is compelling evidence which suggests that the health service is used as yet another mechanism by Robert Gabriel Mugabe's regime and ZANU-PF for annihilating Mthwakazi (Zulu/Ndebele people). Hospitals in Mthwakazi (Matabeleland regions) have become death traps and abattoirs for hundreds of thousands of Mthwakazi people. Those admitted (even for very minor illnesses) in these hospitals usually do not survive beyond a few hours, the maximum survival time period is usually two days.
In all the various hospitals in Mthwakazi (Matabeleland areas), there are no mechanisms of establishing the cause of deaths for thousands of suspicious deaths, let alone any deaths. It has become an astonishing norm for thousands of these deaths to be simply recorded as having been caused by AIDS/HIV. As a result of these deaths, the mortuaries within these hospitals can no longer cope; hence thousands of the dead are usually buried the following day after their deaths. The effect of this has been that bereaved families, relatives and friends, no longer have any opportunity of paying their last respects to the dead, since by the time they receive news about these deaths, the dead would have already been buried.
The saying that Mthwakazi people dare not fall ill these days, has added to the psychological genocide on the people of Mthwakazi (Matabeleland regions). It is no longer the fear of only the Fifth Brigade, but that of the Butchering Hospital Brigades which is gripping the Mthwakazi (Zulu/Ndebele) nation. Every Mthwakazi person in Matabeleland (Mthwakazi country) knows that being admitted to hospital for any kind of illness is a sure death sentence.
Significantly, economic development during the last thirty six (36) years in Zimbabwe has been skewed in favour of Mashonaland and Manicaland regions at the expense of Mthwakazi (Matabeleland regions). Undoubtedly, there is irrefutable evidence that whilst economic development has been accelerating in Mashonaland and Manicaland regions, it has been in continuous decline in Mthwakazi and now resembling truly ghost characteristics. The process of de-industrialising Bulawayo in Mthwakazi, whilst promoting the industrialisation of Mutare and Masvingo in Manicaland and Mashonaland has been in effect since Zimbabwe gained independence in 1980.
Today there is no longer a single industry in Bulawayo, as all small and large based companies and firms (with a long history in the city) have since been compelled for their own survival to relocate to those regions, including to Harare. Even the minor services sector industry such as banking is no longer visible in Bulawayo.
Access to loans from the banking industry has benefitted only the Shona people, and thus enabled them to operate small scale business concerns throughout the whole of Mthwakazi country. The desire to control every economic activity is also evident in the transport industry. Only the Shona people have access to loans from banks that enables them to operate commuter buses within Bulawayo, as well as linking all the rural areas and other cities in Zimbabwe with Bulawayo.
Mthwakazi people have also been denied access to land in their indigenous Mthwakazi (Matabeleland land regions). In addition, the land resettlement programme (within these regions) initiated by Mugabe's regime during the past few years has also benefitted only the Shona people in Mthwakazi. Similarly the much talked about land grabbing of white farms by Mugabe's regime also benefitted only the Shona people.
The implementation of plans of the Ministry of Local Government and National Housing of resettling 4 million Shona people in Mthwakazi, in all rural and urban areas provides yet another compelling evidence of ethnic cleansing. A system of commercialisation of all the land within these regions was long introduced through a mechanism of compelling all the villagers to buy stands (pieces of land) on which their homes are constructed or built.
There is evidence on the ground already that Shona-speaking people have begun settling and building homes in the vast areas of Mthwakazi (Matabeleland) in large numbers. Other evidence includes the acquisition of property (farms and retail business outlets) throughout these regions. This evidence points only to a single outcome: the alteration of the composition of the indigenous populations of these regions, and as such represents overwhelming and compelling evidence of ethnic cleansing.
Fundamentally, it is the promotion and export of the Shona language (with its object of destroying indigenous local languages) in all areas of Mthwakazi (Matabeleland regions) which provides further irrefutable evidence of a grand strategy of ethnic cleansing of Mthwakazi people by Robert Gabriel Mugabe's ZANU-PF regime. This grand strategy, as has already been shown above, has been effected through a mechanism of importing and deploying Shona personnel in all the key private sector jobs, as well as in government departments, so as to administer all the peoples of Mthwakazi (Matabeleland).
This grand strategy of ethnic cleansing by Mugabe's ZANU-PF regime has had the following effects on the life chances, well-being and employment opportunities of the Zulu/Ndebele people:
several hundreds of thousands of Zulus/Ndebeles (Mthwakazi people) have been forced to flee Zimbabwe and seek refuge in neighbouring countries (such as Zambia, Botswana, Lesotho, and Namibia), and to a number of Western countries (such as the UK, USA, Canada, Netherlands, and Australia),
thousands more of Zulus/Ndebele (Mthwakazi)people have become enforced semi-slaves of the Shona in various business activities within the Mthwakazi (Matabeleland regions), and
millions have been forced to seek employment and other survival strategies outside Zimbabwe: particularly in South Africa. Thousands of Ndebele/Zulu (Mthwakazi) people from the different areas of Mthwakazi (Matabeleland regions) have been killed by crocodiles while crossing the Limpopo River to seek employment in South Africa; still many more thousands are arrested by South African authorities for illegal entry and deported back into Zimbabwe after spending several months in prison.
For the ZANU-PF regime of Robert Gabriel Mugabe, the Zimbabwean question has always been to create a mono-linguistic state (their own Shona village) using whatever available means at their disposal. This obsession by ZANU-PF of creating a mono-linguistic Shona village within the imposed colonial unitary boundaries of Zimbabwe has also included a programme (in addition to inflicting genocide and ethnic cleansing) of outbreeding the Mthwakazi (Zulu/Ndebele) people through the natural biological reproduction mechanism.
Under this outbreeding programme, the Shona males were fuelled to impregnate Zulu/Ndebele women specifically in order to render their historic indigenous areas mono-linguistic or Shona speaking. This outbreeding programme represents a callous and contemptible deliberate strategy of rendering to extinction a particular group of the human species through the sexual destruction of their genes. It is also designed to upset the historic normal loving interrelationships and marriages between peoples of neighbouring countries (Mthwakazi and Zimbabwe).
It was only after Mugabe came into power that their grand strategy of rendering the whole of Zimbabwe ethnically homogenous and mono-linguistic, including this programme of outbreeding Zulu/Ndebele (Mthwakazi) people through (contemptible) natural biological processes came into force. The late Herbert Ushewokunze (former transport minister) will always be remembered within the Zulu/Ndebele (Mthwakazi) sections of the population for his public callous remarks in which he urged on the Shona males to contemptuously impregnate Zulu/Ndebele (Mthwakazi) women who would reproduce and multiply offspring with Shona blood.
Unfortunately, not only has this outbreeding programme resulted in thousands of failed marriages and relationships, including "date rapes", but also to hundreds of thousands of illegitimate children whose fathers' whereabouts are not known. The deliberate exclusion of the Zulu/Ndebele (Mthwakazi) males from virtually all meaningful economic activity from which they could derive a livelihood, including wealth has exacerbated the plight of Zulu/Ndebele (Mthwakazi) women.
These women have been forced for their own survival to enter into such relationships in which they have been transformed into semi-compliant "sex slaves". There seems to be no end in sight of the sexual genocide and cleansing abuse of these Zulu/Ndebele (Mthwakazi) women, given that Mugabe's ZANU-PF regime has exported hundreds of thousands of Shona males into all the areas of Mthwakazi (Matabeleland regions) to occupy virtually all socio-economic, political and cultural positions at the expense of Zulu/Ndebele males.
The list of grievances is so strong that in other countries it would have long led to calls for some form of velvet or violent divorce leading to the complete exit and restoration of Mthwakazi State. It has become intolerable (more than a human rights issue) since it entails the survival of a people in areas of, the survivability of genes, education, economic and business activity, language and culture.
6. Genocide through Starvation of Mthwakazi People
For a very long time now, the people of Mthwakazi have been continuously prevented from feeding their families through deliberate policies of ensuring that no food items or supplies enter Zimbabwe from South Africa and Botswana. Not only have the people of Mthwakazi been driven outside present-day Zimbabwe to survive, but they are now prevented from bringing food to their families into the country.
It is here emphasised that given the fact that no Mthwakazian qualifies for any type of work in Zimbabwe, from street cleaning, or a mere security guard right upwards to professional jobs, all people of Mthwakazi origin have been compelled to vote with their feet to seek a living and survival from neighbouring countries of South Africa and Botswana, including elsewhere across the globe. But today, in full view of both the regional and international community, the people of Mthwakazi are being starved to death and extinction by being denied the right to feed their children and parents by the Zanu-pf regime of Robert Gabriel Mugabe.
It is also observed that since 1980 when Zimbabwe attained independence with the single most contribution from the people of Mthwakazi (led then by ZAPU under the leadership of Dr Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo’s ZIPRA forces), the Mthwakazi (Zulu/Ndebele) people have never received any food support and assistance either from the World Food Programme or from any other international or local Non-Governmental Organisations, and indeed, not even from Robert Gabriel Mugabe’s regime, even in times of severe hunger.
As a matter of historical record and fact, the people of Mthwakazi have never received any other kind of support, be it emotional, psychological counselling or whatever kind from any quarter on this earth. Rather the people of Mthwakazi have singularly survived on the face of this earth through their own sweat as a nation by sharing amongst their number whatever they had at their disposal, and above all through the endearing spirit of their forefathers, their great ancestors and God.
Throughout this period, from 1893, the date in which the Mthwakazi (Zulu/Ndebele) Kingdom of King Mzilikazi and King Lobengula was conquered by British colonialists in alliance with Shona batman, right up to the independence of present-day Zimbabwe, the Mthwakazi nation has managed to survive without any form of assistance from whatever quarter of any kind. As a matter of fact and historical reality, Mthwakazi nation and its people have experienced unimaginable brutality first from the British colonialists and second from the genocide and ethnic cleansing regime of Robert Gabriel Mugabe. Put more emphatically, the Mthwakazi people have known one of the worst forms of political orphanage and colonialism.
Throughout this period that the Mthwakazi people have been brutalised, raped and stripped of their collective sense of identity through effective and efficient brainwashing, they have always managed to feed their families (children and parents). But today, Robert Gabriel Mugabe’s regime has implemented a complete shut down and stoppage of food assistance programmes to all Mthwakazi families. If people of Mthwakazi are deliberately being prevented from feeding their families (parents and children) in full view yet again of the regional and international communities, we have no other recourse than to seek a complete exit from present day Zimbabwe and establish the State of Mthwakazi.
It is also observed that in respect for peace, honour for law and order, obedience to the dictates of justice, Mthwakazi people have resisted the temptation to logically resort to armed insurrection and rebellion against the genocidal regime in Zimbabwe. It is worth underlining herein that Mthwakazi people are a warrior nation that has never been defeated in battle by any other since the annexation of Mthwakazi (Matabeleland) by British colonialists.
As a matter of fact Mthwakazi Nation (with weapons at its disposal) has not and cannot be defeated by Robert Gabrile Mugabe’s Shona forces in any theatre of war under any circumstances. Mugabe’s Shona forces were able to inflict genocide and ethnic cleansing with full knowledge that the people of Mthwakazi were not armed and therefore would not be able to defend themselves. But, stopping the people of Mthwakazi from feeding their families represent the last intolerable straw, hence our appeal to the entire world community for the Restoration of the State of Mthwakazi.
This appeal and request aims to address the humanitarian international conscience regarding the resolve and determination of the people of Mthwakazi to recover their brutalised nation and restore it to the global community of nations in the world. Respecting international laws and honouring the global family of nations, Mthwakazi people hereby introduce themselves, with their bleeding political, economic, cultural and spiritual scars as a willing member of the world community.
We wish to reiterate to our call for the Restoration of Mthwakazi is based on the history of being brutalised, maimed, raped and marginalised through the Rule by Conquest, first by the British colonialists and second by the Shona colonialists of Robert Gabriel Mugabe’s regime. We need to underline that it can no longer be business as usual that the people of Mthwakazi face another slaughter and butchery at the hands of Robert Gabriel Mugabe’s Shona regime whilst the world looks the other way.
We know that that all nations all over the world have protected their citizens wherever they are on this continent. The British do it, so do the French, the Americans and many others. It is on that note that we are appealing on behalf of the people of Mthwakazi to the entire world community to be saved from Robert Mugabes’ death chambers. We need this protection from all forms of brutality as a matter of great urgency and we need it now.
Led by Mthwakazi Liberation Front (MLF), Mthwakazi people of Mthwakazi nation bow down before the world and appeal for the Restoration of the State of Mthwakazi. It is against this presentation of the chronology of unimaginable suffering at the hands of British and Shona colonialists that we need emphasise that the struggle for the recovery and restoration of Mthwakazi nation and Mthwakazi country has only begun, and that dear prices continue to be paid in pain, sweat and blood by all of us who have resolved that enough is enough of being participants in the exercise of our own massacre, genocide, ethnic cleansing, persecution and marginalisation.
It is our solemn offer that we will stop at nothing, we will move from pillar to post, up, down and under in our determined quest and reasoned resolve to decolonise our country and bring it back to normalcy as one of the world’s democratic, peace loving and prosperous countries. This appeal for the Restoration of the State of Mthwakazi is not a total account or enunciation, but just an introductory notice to the world community pertaining to our political, social, economic, cultural and spiritual injuries as a nation and our determination to fight for our freedom.
It is our undertaking to respect and honour the civilised world community all times, as we introduce ourselves among all those in the world who believe that no nation or country should be allowed to suffer slavery, genocide, ethnic cleansing, colonialism or any other form of subjugation and exploitation by another.
7. The Undefeated Warrior Nation of Mthwakazi
As highlighted above in the course of this appeal, it is noteworthy that there has never been a time neither will there be such a time when the people of Mthwakazi can be defeated by any nation large or small, without a fight that results in heavy casualties to the opposition. The British colonialists armed with heavy machine guns know fully well the number of casualties they suffered against Mthwakazi warriors fighting only with spears during the 1890s. The Rhodesian forces of Ian Douglas Smith were brought to their knees by the Zipra forces resulting in the independence of Zimbabwe. Before Zipra was disarmed, Zanla suffered enormous casualties throughout the country whenever they dared start a fight, they know this, and it is a fact.
This is why Mugabe’s Zanu-pf not only used Nkomo (through so-called Shona intellectuals within ZAPU – who comprised the entire national executive) to disarm his forces, but waited until Zipra had been completely disarmed, before inflicting genocide and ethnic cleansing on a defenceless Mthwakazi population under the pretext of fighting faceless ‘dissidents’ with full knowledge that there would be no response. What a shameless regime of cowards.
One shudders to think why these so-called ‘dissidents’ did not engage the Gukurahundi or any other units of the Robert Mugabe’s Shona Forces that might have been on the ground at the time, but chose instead to destroy property according to Robert Mugabe and his spin doctors. What a shameless deception yet again. The fact of the matter is that there never was anything amounting to rebels against the Zimbabwe regime. This because by their own admission, Mugabe’s forces never suffered a single casualty (not a single soldier was killed) throughout that period. There has never been any war where only the opposition suffers casualties, even those wars fought in computer games by competing adversaries. Never, never has that happened, perhaps it happens with spiritual mediums, not real human beings.
Robert Gabriel Mugabe and his murderous cronies were fully (and still) aware that had the so-called armed "dissidents" (whom the claimed to have been former Zimbabwe Peoples’ Revolutionary Army - ZIPRA forces) ever been in involved and operational, they would without any difficulties whatsoever had halted this slaughter. The notorious Fifth Brigade would have suffered enormous consequences. As a matter of fact they would have been routed and given no chance to retreat. Thus the Gukurahundi would have been severely punished for these inspired ZANU-PF crimes against the people of Mthwakazi (Zulu/Ndebele people of Matebeleland). It is virtually inconceivable that former ZIPRA forces (probably the best ever liberation war fighters in the whole of Southern Africa this century) who had fought so gallantly against the former Rhodesian forces (RF) during the liberation struggle against colonialism could have been a mere walk-over for Mugabe's Fifth Brigade (a Brigade that was trained to exterminate foetuses, infants, women and the disabled), without any kind of resistance whatsoever.
History has recorded that whenever there had been hostilities during the liberation war against colonialism in what was Rhodesia between Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA), the military wing of ZANU-PF, and ZIPRA the military wing of the Zimbabwe African Peoples Union (ZAPU), the ZIPRA forces had always defeated ZANLA forces in battle. This was also clearly demonstrated in 1981 when the ZANU-PF regime of Prime Minister Robert Gabriel Mugabe instructed ZANLA forces to destroy ZIPRA forces while awaiting integration into the Zimbabwe National Army. ZANLA forces were heavily defeated and driven out of Bulawayo by ZIPRA. At the same time, open conflict and skirmishes between ZANLA forces and ZIPRA forces had also broken out in various integration camps throughout the country with ZIPRA forces emerging victorious.
In February 1981, Prime Minister Robert Gabriel Mugabe having recognised the defeat of his ZANLA forces but still determined to destroy ZIPRA forces, sought Air Power assistance from Ian Smith, the former Rhodesian Prime Minister, and deployed the Rhodesian Air Force supported by the Rhodesian African Rifles against ZIPRA forces based at Entumbane township in Bulawayo. Several bombing raids were carried out by the Rhodesian Air Force against ZIPRA forces resulting in scores of people being killed. The Rhodesian forces also suffered heavy casualties. The cessation of these hostilities only came to fruition after Prime Minister Robert Gabriel Mugabe (having started the war and suffered defeat) persuaded the PF-ZAPU leader, Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo, to intervene by ordering his ZIPRA forces to cease fire and return to their camps to await integration into the newly established Zimbabwe National Army.
When Prime Minister Robert Gabriel Mugabe's inspired strategy of destroying ZIPRA forces in 1981 had resulted in the defeat of his ZANLA forces in Bulawayo, he had simultaneously requested assistance from apartheid South Africa, alongside that of the Rhodesian Air Force and the Rhodesian African Rifles. The apartheid regime had positively responded to Prime Minister Robert Mugabe's request by deploying South African troops (supported by tank divisions, armoured personnel carriers, air power and other heavy military equipment) along the Zimbabwe Beitbridge border (on the South African side) ready to intervene in support of Mugabe's regime.
The readiness of the apartheid South African troops to intervene in support of Mugabe's ZANU-PF in 1981 had been intended to prevent Zimbabwe from providing operational bases to the African National Congress (ANC), and its military wing Umkhonto We Sizwe (MK), in the event of ZIPRA emerging victorious and ZAPU assuming power in the country. This assistance was consistent with the pre-1980 secretive agreement between ZANU-PF and the apartheid regime which was signed in Mozambique that effectively gave Zanu-pf power even before the votes were cast. This explains why Robert Mugabe did not provide any bases for the ANC or the Pan African Congress (PAC) in Zimbabwe at any time. However, it subsequently transpired that the apartheid regime's concerns about such a possibility (i.e., of PF-ZAPU overthrowing the Mugabe regime) had been ill-conceived.
It was not because ZAPU had no designs or desires of ruling Zimbabwe, but that the ZAPU leadership recognised that they were rapidly being dragged by ZANU-PF into a brutal conflict that would have had serious consequences. On the question of principle, therefore, the ZAPU leadership were determined at all cost to prevent Zimbabwe degenerating into a civil war of the types experienced in Mozambique and Angola in recent times. It was this conviction more than any other reason that constituted ZAPU's full compliance with the Lancaster House settlement.
As a result, the disarmament and demobilisation of all the ZIPRA forces proceeded smoothly without any incidents. Those who had not been integrated into the new Zimbabwe National Army joined the labour market and the ranks of the unemployed, whilst others embarked on various economic activities comprising co-operatives and community development projects. However, as ZAPU was voluntarily disarming its ZIPRA forces out of existence under the terms of the Lancaster House Settlement, Robert Gabriel Mugabe's ZANU-PF, on the other hand, was welcoming into Zimbabwe a total of 106 North Korean instructors who began arriving in August 1981 to train and equip the Fifth Brigade or Gukurahundi.
The people of Mthwakazi (Zulu/Ndebele people) are still baffled as to the reasons why Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo (as supreme commander of ZIPRA forces) proceeded voluntarily in disarming his forces in accordance to the Lancaster House settlement provisions, whilst around the same period Prime Minister Robert Gabriel Mugabe was doing exactly the opposite - not complying with the Lancaster House settlement, but instead training and equipping his separate army, Gukurahundi or Fifth Brigade.
The explanation is simple. Robert Gabriel Mugabe and the entire ZANU-PF leadership were fully aware that the Zimbabwe question had already decidedly been determined during the first independence elections of 1980. In other words, the Rule by Conquest Instrument (The Matabeleland Order in Council of 1894 which was invoked as an annexation tool by British colonialists) was passed on to Robert Gabriel Mugabe’s Zanu-pf). Thus, the Shona people had triumphed over the people of Mthwakazi (Ndebele/Zulu people of Matabeleland).
This victory therefore represented the first phase of ZANU-PF's intentions to establish a Shona state in Zimbabwe. And since they had only won in the Mashonaland and Manicaland regions of the country, they were determined to conquer and dominate the whole country based on the imposed colonial boundaries of British colonialism at all cost. Hence their next phase of campaign would be in Matabeleland (Mthwakazi country).
As a nation of Mthwakazi, we have learnt from history that when the regime of Robert Mugabe has no answers to challenges facing the Shona country, Zimbabwe, it always responds by launching the army unto the peoples Mthwakazi. Mthwakazi peoples have paid a heavy and devastating price of silence for far too long, whilst witnessing their own destruction, extinction and total annihilation. We can no longer tolerate any more sweet talk from the failed Zimbabwean Zanu-pf regime which is hell-bent on the total destruction of the Mthwakazi Nation. Neither can the people of Mthwakazi tolerate any empty promises and slogans from any kind from the Zimbabwean oppressive regime. Freedom - we desire, want and demand at all cost because we have failed to co-exist.
A word of warning, the infliction of genocide happened under the leadership of Joshua Nkomo who was showered with accolades of father Zimbabwe, but it will never, ever happen again because we are Mthwakazians. We will not allow it under whatever circumstances, deception, shapes or forms. We believe we have been very patient in the face of our own destruction as a people of Mthwakazi for far too long, hence this case, for the attention of the world community to assist the people of Mthwakazi, to achieve the Restoration of the State of Mthwakazi through a velvet divorce. Failure to that, the people of Mthwakazi will be compelled to enlist whatever survival strategies at their disposal.
In conclusion, the need for a long lasting solution cannot be done without putting on the Agenda the Issue of RESTORATION OF MTHWAKAZI as doing so will not end Mthwakazi peoples’ pursuit for freedom. The people of Mthwakazi can no longer tolerate a situation where they are unilaterally subjected to all forms of genocide and ethnic cleansing, including being turned into second class citizens in their own country. Enough is enough. MLF stands firmly on that issue and prepared to go an extra mile in finding all necessary universally accepted means of RESTORING Mthwakazi. We will never accept a solution about us without us, MTHWAKAZI PEOPLE, NEVER.
As we conclude, this case for the Restoration of the State of Mthwakazi, we again humbly and obediently BOW DOWN before the civilised world to ensure that the surviving people of Mthwakazi are saved from extinction which is threatened by the forces of Robert Gabriel Mugabe; and
We now respectfully await to receive the communication from your good offices and wish to advice that we have copied this first ever communication to a plethora of Heads of Government, Legal Experts who may be willing to assist the people of Mthwakazi and a great many people with influence and good standing, so as to positively address the plight of people of Mthwakazi and those with similar experiences.
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Prepared and Submitted by the Mthwakazi Liberation Front (MLF)
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 See, an article by Andrew Meldrum, "Harare MP tells of army beating", in The Guardian, Saturday, 3 March 1984. See, also another article by the same author, "Churches say 450,000 people face hunger: Zimbabwe curfew cuts off food to drought-hit areas", in The Guardian, Thursday 8 March 1984.
 We would seriously question the reason why as part of its investigative methodology as to whether or not there ever were in existence the so-called "dissidents", the CCJP report based its findings solely on data sources such as the Bulawayo Chronicle and the Archives, given that both are censored media mechanisms under the control of Robert Gabriel Mugabe's ZANU-PF regime.
 See for example, Amnesty International Report, "Zimbabwe: Drawing a line through the past", in "Disappearances" And Political Killings: Human Rights Crisis Of The 1990s, Chapter C-4, Pre-Publication Version, August 1993.
 We call upon the democratic government of South Africa to set up a commission of inquiry into the workings of the secretive alliance between the ZANU-PF regime of Robert Gabriel Mugabe and the former apartheid regime. There is a wealth of documented evidence that such an inquiry could consult. Former members of the apartheid regime, the military and the secret service (BOSS) could also be called to give evidence. Such an inquiry should also establish the terms of the agreement reached between ZANU-PF and the apartheid regime in Mozambique on the eve of the first elections that resulted in the birth of Zimbabwe in 1980. The inquiry should also establish the truth regarding the validity of Robert Gabriel Mugabe's regime's allegations about the existence of so-called "dissidents" who were allegedly sponsored by the apartheid regime to overthrow his regime. This is absolutely vital because Mugabe's ZANU-PF regime justified the slaughter of hundreds of thousands of Ndebele people on the basis of these absurd allegations.