The Five Federal States of Mthwakazi: Inkunzi Series: Discussion Paper 1

The Five Federal States of Mthwakazi: Inkunzi Series: Discussion Paper 1
Published: 07 December 2016 | by BY Dr Mpiyesizwe Churchill Guduza

Draft Presentation

BY Dr Mpiyesizwe Churchill Guduza

7 December 2016

1. Introduction

This draft presentation calls for comments, views, insights and analysis from the bona-fide citizens of Mthwakazi. Building a nation from scratch after it was destroyed with such brute force is never easy. We in the MLF are determined to achieve the Restoration of the State of Mthwakazi (the Kingdom of Mthwakazi) after which we intend subdividing or carving it into five (5) Federal States of Mthwakazi which are highlighted below, specifically in order to accommodate all its original inhabitants on an equitable footing without fear, favour or prejudice. 

This Restoration Agenda, therefore, calls for the re-engineering of the minds of all our people who must at all cost hold the bull by its horns. This therefore is your opportunity to empower us and indeed yourself with a little exercise driven by free imagination of exactly what kind of life you envisage for yourself in a free Mthwakazi. No one is going to harass you for thinking and indeed wishing what you want for Mthwakazi, especially if you are not within the confines of the imposed unitary boundaries of colonised Mthwakazi.

2. Criticism and interrogation of history

It is noteworthy that MLF accepts criticism from anybody who so desires as it is an organisation involved in the contestation of the Mthwakazi Restoration Agenda. We have also noted the displeasure with which David Magagula who now calls himself SK Mtshali whenever the name of Dr Joshua MqabukoNkomo is mentioned in our submissions. We are not of course going to deal with David Magagula in this submission, save to say we expelled him in the MLF for corrupt and fraudulent activities, including for posing as a journalist under the names Brian Magee, Makay Tshuma and furthermore, because of his impressive Curriculum Vitae no wonder he is today calling himself SK Mtshali.

On the question of the heroic status of Dr Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo, the MLF has never for one moment doubted that he is and deserves that status in Zimbabwe. As a matter of fact Dr Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo is recognised as such in that country. However we in the MLF believe it is wrong to equate that status for Mthwakazi. We sincerely believe that the struggle that resulted in the deaths of hundreds of thousands of the people from Mthwakazi was misdirected. It would have been better served if it were directed to the liberation of Mthwakazi. There is no question that had that been the case, the people of Mthwakazi would have restored their identity and independence a long time ago.
It is a historical fact therefore AND NOT an insult, that Dr Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo was a political leader who led his people and forces for the liberation of Zimbabwe and not of Mthwakazi. At no time, not even in the trenches of Dr Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo’s forces were they ever taught about the history of Mthwakazi. On the contrary, the history that they were made aware of was of communism and socialism led by Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin. Mzilikazi on the other hand was a true hero who founded the State of Mthwakazi. The two are not the same. They are not in the same league for that matter.

Dr Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo, like any politician on this earth, or even great philosophers for that matter from Aristotle, Plato Socrates, Kant, Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin and many others, is not immune from criticism as criticism represents the single crucial driver and engine that drives transformation and continuous change and therefore a better life for all mankind on this mother earth. It does not assist therefore to simply cry ngo ‘Mdala Wethu’ without showing us which contribution he made to bring Mthwakazi to its historical status and former glory. Such statements must be supported with a portfolio of evidence or simple facts.

My own family was perhaps much closer to Dr Nkomo and his family than many (after all it was my father Makhathini Guduza and not anybody else’s father who assisted Dr Joshua Mqabuko Ka Nyongolo Nkomo to escape into exile when death from Mugabe’s boys was knocking at his door). My father like Dr Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo may have thought that they were fighting for a noble idea, but they were wrong because the other side treated them with contempt and they knew that. When Nkomo and the entire Zapu leadership were persecuted by the Mugabe’s regime, it was not safe to be near any one of them.

During this period no one wanted to be near Nkomo, but my own father and his family were there through thick and thin. By the way we (the Guduza family) paid a heavy price for this historic association with the Nkomo family, for my own father was a true Zimbabwean- perhaps the only longest serving political prisoner to be incarcerated both in Rhodesia and Zimbabwe for an archaic and wrong idea (liberating Zimbabwe). Like Nkomo, my own father followed blindly in the quest for Zimbabwe. The struggle that our parents led through the leadership of Dr Joshua Nkomo was intended to bring together essentially two different nationalities with their varying histories. Sadly it was not going to work given the history of animosity between these two different nationalities. 

This is a historic fact which is attested by Nkomo himself in his own words in the Story of His Life.  It remains a never ending challenge that all of us who are outside colonised Mthwakazi need to read and understand history and not simply react emotionally. The struggle for Mthwakazi requires sobriety of men and women of Mthwakazi who are ready to learn and interrogate history impartially without fear, favour and prejudice, and not omafikizolo who are after fame. This is not after all a beauty contest, but it is a real life and death struggle for the people of Mthwakazi.  

This subject of the participation of Zapu and Zipra under the leadership of Dr Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo in the liberation of Zimbabwe and not of Mthwakazi shall of course receive proper attention in the next Inkunzi Series. I turn now to provide a brief insight into the nature of the Federal States we envisage for Mthwakazi.

3. The Federal States of Mthwakazi

We in the Mthwakazi Liberation Front (MLF) are convinced that the Federal States of Mthwakazi shall be self-sufficient, viable and developmental enterprises that will improve the lives of all the people who are currently languishing in abject poverty as a direct result of imposed colonial misrule from Zimbabwe, a British proxy. The states, as earlier alluded to are Zambezi, Mpumalanga, Nkabazwe, Bulilima, and Limpompo. Each of these states is endowed with immeasurable wealth which if used responsibly can turn Mthwakazi into the envy of the region and the world. Below we highlight the envisaged states and capitals with their commercial aptness.

It is important to emphasise that with cooperation of our neighbouring countries in the North such as Zambia and the Democratic Republic of Congo, these States of Mthwakazi will collectively constitute a hub celebrating the cultural diversity not only of the people of Mthwakazi, but those of all countries to the north including right up to Egypt. Thus the adage from ‘Cape to Cairo’ through sustained infrastructure investment throughout Mthwakazi will be realised through fast train travel and air travel from a number of capitals in Mthwakazi. For the first time our people will have the opportunity of travelling free from victimisation and all sorts of insults to visit tourist attraction centres and perhaps experience the’ gorillas in the midst’ or the pyramids in Egypt. 

3.1 The State of Zambezi

The Capital of this State is Wankie. The Zambezi State is blessed with vast coal deposits whose belt just like the Witwatersrand in Gauteng Province, South Africa, stretches from Wankie right up to Beit-bridge. It is also home for vast tourism resources from the natural game which hosts the big five (elephant, lion, buffalo, leopard and rhino) to the mighty Victoria Falls which is also one of the wonders of the world.

It has fisheries along Lake Kariba and the vast deposits of the mineral tin. The Zambezi State also produces a lot of cotton owing to its favourable temperatures for this plant. This is the province which can turn the entire Mthwakazi into a green belt if its waters from the Zambezi River are tapped to augment irrigation schemes along the lines of California and Israel throughout the other states of Mthwakazi.

The Zambezi Water Project which has been put on hold since the early 1920s right until this day through various blocking mechanisms from the Rule by Conquest instruments of Britain and its proxy Zimbabwe will for the first time be realised. The Mthwakazi Central Federal State will prevail in terms of its natural rights to accessing the Zambezi River as well as its rights to a an equitable access and share of the hydro-electric power at the Kariba Dam with its neighbours Zambia and Zimbabwe.

3.2 The State of Mpumalanga

This is the most central of the five Mthwakazi States. It is blessed with industrial infrastructure which only needs refurbishing and further development and expansion. Mpumalanga is therefore the industrial hub of Mthwakazi. The envisaged Capital is Gwelo. This state is blessed with extensive gold deposits, cement, uranium and methane gas as well as indigenous timber for classical furniture production. It is also here that our first border control point with Zimbabwe will be established to regulate migration and manage other very vital trading relations and engagements. Those tourists and other visitors coming from countries such as Malawi and Mozambique will be coming through this state of Mpumalanga. A lot of revenue will thus be generated through a multiplicity of trading and duty receipts.

3.3 The State of Nkabazwe

In this state, also lies the Federal Capital of Mthwakazi, Bulawayo due to its history which has made it earn the name of 'City of Kings.' Herein is situated the railway infrastructure which together with its massive industrial base, services all the states of Mthwakazi. It is here where the melting pot of cultural diversity of all the people of Mthwakazi should be realised. Here too is the centre of the export/import production hub and samples of produced units in a variety of areas which find exposure before the eyes of the world at Bulawayo Trade Fair. This Trade Fair is not only historic but also represents both symbolic and real power for both the business, innovation, technological and industrial sections of the economy as well as agriculture and farming.

3.4. The State of Bulilima

The Capital is envisaged to be Plumtree which seats at the exit of export markets to the South right through Botswana, South Africa and Namibia. Bulilima is also blessed with large diamond deposits which are still untapped. It is also an exit point into Botswana, which is an historic and traditional trading partner of Mthwakazi. It is in Bulilima that hundreds of thousands of the people of Mthwakazi would find shelter, food and water whenever they were fleeing the wretched colonial Britain and its proxy Zimbabwe. Bulilima also boasts of the largest game reserve and large areas with indigenous timber and teak. It is also a tourist attraction site owing to a huge variety of wildlife species. In the State of Bulilima, in Tsholotsho the abundant large tracts of timber have continually been decimated to benefit the Rule by Conquest conquerors at the expense of the indigenous people of these areas. This status quo situation will have to change decisively and permanently to benefit the indigenous people of this State of Bulilima.

3.5 The State of Limpompo

The capital is envisaged to be Beit-bridge. It has great economic potential from immigration as it links Mthwakazi with our greatest trading partner, the Republic of South Africa. The Beit-Bridge border post is singularly responsible for keeping the entire Zimbabwean regime, together with its security apparatus (the army, police, secret services and CIO, and its prosecutors and judges) functioning through the payment of duty and trading importation receipts. At any single day this border post of Beit-bridge generates revenue amounting to several million dollars. Furthermore, the revenue that is generated during the single month of December alone is a whooping staggering amount. 

In spite of this wealth that is created daily in this State of Limpompo, its citizens are eating dust. Those in power and control of this revenue have channelled it into personalised bank accounts through unfettered corrupt and fraudulent activities. In an independent State of Mthwakazi, only the people of this state must benefit fully from its wealth creating potential and all forms of corrupt activities shall be outlawed throughout Mthwakazi. Hence we do not tolerate it even within our ranks in the Mthwakazi Liberation Front (MLF). This is the key reason why we expelled Magagula and others. It is also endowed with vast diamond deposits some which are still virgin. It has vast citrus fruit lands sustainable through its high temperatures and has vast lands for grazing. Below, the reader is drawn to the attention of the legal and historic boundaries as presented in previous submissions together with the one and ONLY HISTORIC MTHWAKAZI MAP as recognised internationally and regionally before the brutal attack and annexation of our country in 1893. That is a fact.

4. The Legal and Historical Boundaries of Mthwakazi

The legal and historical territorial boundaries of Mthwakazi State shown in the map below stretch from Beit Bridge in the South to Zambezi River in the North and from Ramakgwebane (Plumtree) South West to Sanyathi River to the East.

It is important to emphasise that the boundaries highlighted by the map below, which separates the Federal State of Mthwakazi from Mashonaland were agreed to and ratified by King Lobengula representing the Mthwakazi Nation and Leader Starr Jameson representing the British South Africa Company (BSAC) representing the territory of Mashonaland. Mashonaland had been a British Protectorate since 1890 after the BSAC company had invaded that country without any resistance whatsoever from the Shona people. Between 1890 and 1893 the British Protectorate of Mashonaland had existed as a neighbour of the sovereign state of Mthwakazi separated by the Jameson Border Line (as shown in the map below) agreed to and signed between King Lobengula and Leander Starr Jameson.

As Maphenduka has observed, ‘the Jameson Line Agreement signed between Leander Starr Jameson and King Lobengula remains valid to this day under international law. It is Queen Victoria’s Matebeleland Order-in-Council of 1894 that stands in the way’ of the Restoration of Mthwakazi as a sovereign state. According to Maphenduka, the unitary state which brought together the territories of Mthwakazi and Mashonaland was imposed on the people of Mthwakazi without their consent, and therefore the 1979 Lancaster House constitution that resulted in the birth of present-day Zimbabwe is as illegal as it was then until this very day.

From the foregoing, it is further critical to emphasise that at no time did the people of Mashonaland ever been participants in the drawing and or carving of any border, including the Jameson Border Agreement that separated the state of Mthwakazi with the BSAC Protectorate of Mashonaland. Rather it was King Lobengula representing the state of Mthwakazi and Leander Starr Jameson representing the BSAC Protectorate of Mashonaland who agreed on the border separating the two territories. At that time the Shona people had neither the power nor King to represent their interests, but only the invading forces who installed the Union Jack flag on their territory without any resistance whatsoever from the Shona people.

For a further perspective, it is important to draw lessons from Maphenduka’s account of the historical facts as they stand undiluted. Thus Maphenduka observes that, ‘the people of Mthwakazi did not engage in war with or against the people of Mashonaland or Zimbabwe for them to be ruled as conquered vassals of the government of Zimbabwe. The reality of their defeat by the invading British forces is a historical fact, but the Rule by Conquest by Zimbabwe was contrived for Zimbabwe to extend the British conquest without the people of Mthwakazi ever being conquered by Zimbabwe’. 

‘It is the contention of the people of Mthwakazi therefore that the consolidation of a unitary state should be decided at a referendum as conducted by the United Nations, otherwise Mthwakazi should without delay be granted its sovereignty with its borders before colonialism. It is their contention that the 1979 constitution is a British proxy granted to Zimbabwe to perpetuate the Rule by Conquest of Mthwakazi….This was done to punish them for resisting the invading forces. The Mthwakazi case is unique because no other territory in Southern Africa was subjected to such crushing and bloody defeat by invading powers on a rampage to carve up territories for themselves at any cost to the native peoples.’ 

5. Conclusion

The MLF is aware of the international statutes on discrimination of peoples according to their languages but the Mthwakazi nationals have been subjected to such inhuman conditions for a total of 123 years, of which 87 years were under British colonial rule and 36 years under the Shona colonialists of Robert Mugabe’s Zanu PF regime. This is a historical moment for the people of Mthwakazi to shape their destiny without fear, favour or prejudice.

You are called upon to shape own destiny because it is the only way you will achieve full liberation. In the MLF we have stated that we are continuous learning students of Mthwakazi. Like Nelson Mandela and others who despite their qualifications opted to learn from the likes of the great Walter Sisulu, we in the MLF have similarly opted to continue interrogating the Mthwakazi question until we get it right. It is only fools who are not even fit to be chairmen of burial clubs of clowns who think that they know everything. Such people do not actually know that they don’t know, they need help to discover the learning spirit from the MLF.

6. Submission of Comments and Contributions

Please kindly send your comments and views regarding the building of the Federal States of Mthwakazi to the attention of following INKUNZI THINK TANK MEMBERS:

Andrea Sibanda:
Mpiyesizwe Guduza:

- Source: MLF published by

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